Generations of ancestors have settled in this valley for its healing spring water and fertile lands. This is a landscape of terraced gardens and forests with a history of inhabitants for at least 10,000 years – from the Lusitani who built the megalithic temple of Fraga da Pena, to the Romans, the Moors, and the modern era.
The Vale das Lobas program is transforming the valley into a Biodiversity Park, a special area for biodiversity, rewilding and nature discovery. With minimum intervention and maximum protection, nature is regenerating and rebalancing herself. The best indicators of ecological regeneration are improving soil quality and increasing biodiversity. Recovering biodiversity leads to more birds, insects, wild animals, an increasing range of plant life, and the soil becoming richer in micro-organisms, providing the basis for entire eco-system recovery.
The Biodiversity Park is a community based initiative, involving local municipalities, landowners, and local, national and international organisations, including Rewilding Europe.